HTML and CSS both client side web scripting languages are used for creating web pages. Although they differ in many ways like syntactical structure, implementing methods, ease of use and features like attributes supported by the language. However, CSS is replacing HTML since it offers more features and flexibility. CSS is an acronym for Cascading Style Sheets whichpermits you to create rules that specify the representation of the HTML elements on a screen. It is an addition to basic HTML that enables styling to your web pages. HTML designates the content and structure of a webpage, and CSS determines the design and display of the HTML elements.

  • What may be less obvious about websites is that, fundamentally websites are plain text documents, usually written in HTML or another web-based markup language, such as XML or XHTML.
  • HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, which is a markup language used to create and structure content on the web.
  • HTML and CSS are both essential tools for building websites, but they serve different purposes.
  • CSS is designed to enable the separation of document content from document presentation, including elements such as font, layout, and colors.
  • When you open a web page, your browser fetches the HTML and other programming languages involved and interprets it.

That way, you won’t have to write multiple CSS rules to fit different screen sizes. As a developer, you understand how annoying it is to write multiple properties that result in the same command. That’s why CSS custom properties or CSS variables were developed to help you develop values to be reused at specific points on your website.

, , etc tags denote headings and subheadings, being the largest.

There are a variety of different ways to learn HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These include bootcamps, college degrees, and independent learning options. Each option has its benefits, just as every student has their own set of needs, interests, and constraints. For those interested in flexibility, for instance, web development bootcamps are a quick and easy way to learn these languages and gain a certificate of completion.

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Developers are required to create a different animating layer away from the main threat; that way, the transform properties will run on the GPU. The transform properties enable you to translate an element into two 2D or 3D. DOCTYPE in the first line above tells the browser what type of document it is looking at.

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CSS is used to control presentation, formatting, and layout. If we look at their main functions, HTML creates websites, while CSS makes the website presentable to users. Therefore, whether to use HTML or CSS entirely depends on your programming needs. WordPress is one of the most utilized content management systems , but your options aren’t limited if that’s not your cup of tea. You can opt for Wix, which incorporates the services of HTML5 and CSS3 to help you build amazing websites. In short, there are so many platforms you can use for both HTML and CSS, including Squarespace, Shopify, Bootstrap, and more.

With a basic understanding of HTML, you can significantly increase the control and flexibility that you have with your website. With HTML, you will be able to create the structure of your website. JavaScript is another key language for web page design and inserts dynamic text into HTML client-side. I built to teach you backend development the addicting way.

Key Factors by Which HTML and CSS Differ

So, it’s the Merky M method of stylesheet linking for me, if they don’t like they can lump it. Oh, and I’ve never seen the media element used anywhere and that’s also professional. So, thanks Merky M great job showing a neophyte the right way to do things. In order to link HTML to CSS in your HTML file, you need to use link tags with the right attributes. Remember that, as a self-closing tag, the link tag should be included in the head section of your HTML file.


It’s also the second-most-used programming language by developers, according to a recent Stack Overflow survey. The hardest part of coding is getting started — but once you learn the basics, it’ll be easier to learn more advanced programming languages. And if you ever feel overwhelmed, head over to and hit random keys on your keyboard. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, which is a style sheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in markup languages such as HTML, XML, etc. Most content on the web includes images and videos to give users a deeper understanding of the topic.

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These two languages are essential and form the backbone of web development. The more we learn about each language, the more creative we can be with our designs. Or let’s say we want to change the color and size of any text we put in the body. CSS provides multiple selectors through which we can access any element/child element/group of elements/specific element from an HTML document. Through CSS we separate the style/design from the content of the website, this improves content readability, and accessibility and provides more flexibility. HTML and CSS are used for ease of creation of desirable web documents.


Design forms for conducting transactions with remote services, for use in searching for information, making reservations, ordering products, etc. Nurture and grow your business with customer relationship management software. Dozens of free coding templates you can start using right now. Now, let’s go over each one individually to help you understand the roles each plays on a website and then we’ll cover how they fit together. JavaScript is used to control the behavior of different elements.

, etc tags denote headings and subheadings, being the largest.

Front-end vs. Back-end Developers — What’s the salary for a front-end developer? These are great questions to ask when you’re getting started. HTML is used to create web pages, whereas the CSS controls the layout and styling of web pages. Here h1 is the element selector, font-size is the property, and 24px is the value. Inside the body tag, we can use any tag from the list of HTML standard tags. The html tag is the root tag from where the document starts.

Reading about web development is one thing, but sometimes you need to see it in action to really understand it. If and when you learn these languages, you’ll be able to build similar and more complex websites yourself — this is just a taste of what’s possible. If HTML represents the building blocks of a website, CSS is a way to shape and enhance those blocks. CSS is a style sheet language used to specify the way different parts of a webpage appear to users.

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By placing that rule in a separate file, the style may be shared by any number of HTML documents. Every web page is made up of a bunch of these HTML tags denoting each type of content on the page. Each type of content on the page is «wrapped» in, i.e. surrounded css web development by, HTML tags. We use these languages to turn thoughts and ideas into actions and behavior. In programming, the goal of the puzzle is exactly the same — you’re just driving different kinds of behavior, and the source of that behavior isn’t a human.

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